Here are a few observations and comments on annual ryegrass burndown this year:
- ARG plants need to be actively growing for at least a week to ensure all plants are indeed actively growing
- To kill the annual ryegrass, I always recommend 1.25 lbs a.i./a of glyphosate
- Always recommend at least 1 pt 2,4-D
- Adding Basis , Sharpen or Canopy with the glyphosate worked well this year (some fields initially had about 95% kill with this combination but after additional 5-7 days all annual ryegrass plants were dead). This also provide multiple modes of action. More work on timing and rates is needed.
- Adding atrazine or Callisto to the glyphosate (especially with cool conditions) will result in poor control of the annual ryegrass
- In a normal spring with cool temperatures glyphosate doesn’t translocate well, so, the following is recommended:
- Reduce carrier to 8-12 gal/ac
- Use AMS and also lower water pH to 4.5 to 5.5
- Spray on a sunny day if possible
- Stop spraying mid afternoon so that there is at least 5 hours of sunlight.
Yes, growers using annual ryegrass as a cover crop also have some additional management details to learn. But it seems once they understand and believe these recommendations, then most of their problems also go away.
I have seen much lower broadleaf pressure on fields where growers are using cereal rye and annual ryegrass. I have also observed these cover crops eliminating marestail (includging RR resistant marestail).